Fencing varies around the country. There is a wide range of styles, individual farmer preferences, regional variations and costs.
Some fence types use substantially more materials – and dollars – than others.
Covenant fencing requirements differ from other farm fencing, where stock is generally grazing on both sides.
Typically, when planning a covenant or retirement fence, the following factors need to be considered:
Regional variations in soils, climate and topography, practical implications of remote locations, and potential feral pig and goat damage in remote locations all need to be considered.
Some common fencing variations are shown here.
Photo below: A standard North Island 7-wire post and batten fence surrounds a kanuka-clad gully. Wires need to be on the stock side of the post to minimise stock pressure issues.
Left: A 7-wire (3 electric) fence protects a Central Hawke's Bay wetland.
Photo below: In Hurunui, an iron-T snow fence built c.1930s to keep stock from snow-prone high land.
Photo below: A low visual impact fence in a public recreation setting at Te Mata Peak with light summer grazing only.
Photo below: A 4-wire (2 electric) cattle exclusion fence on Great Barrier Island.
Photo below: A netting fence in coastal Marlborough.
Open SpaceTM Magazine No. 68, November 2006 © QEII National Trust