Contact us

Protecting our precious places

Fencing variations

Fencing varies around the country. There is a wide range of styles, individual farmer preferences, regional variations and costs.

Some fence types use substantially more materials – and dollars – than others.

Covenant fencing requirements differ from other farm fencing, where stock is generally grazing on both sides.

Typically, when planning a covenant or retirement fence, the following factors need to be considered:

  • Grazing stock to be excluded.
  • Pressure from stock on one side wanting to reach lush covenant vegetation on the other.
  • Potential tree-fall on the fenceline with associated maintenance and repair issues.

Regional variations in soils, climate and topography, practical implications of remote locations, and potential feral pig and goat damage in remote locations all need to be considered.

Some common fencing variations are shown here.

Photo below: A standard North Island 7-wire post and batten fence surrounds a kanuka-clad gully. Wires need to be on the stock side of the post to minimise stock pressure issues.

North Island post and batten fence

Seven wire three electric fence


Left: A 7-wire (3 electric) fence protects a Central Hawke's Bay wetland.











Photo below: In Hurunui, an iron-T snow fence built c.1930s to keep stock from snow-prone high land.

Iron T snow fence in Hurunui

Photo below:  A low visual impact fence in a public recreation setting at Te Mata Peak with light summer grazing only.

Fence at Te Mata Peak

Photo below:  A 4-wire (2 electric) cattle exclusion fence on Great Barrier Island.

Great Barrier Island fence

Photo below: A netting fence in coastal Marlborough.

Netting fence in coastal Marlborough

Open SpaceTM
Magazine No. 68, November 2006 © QEII National Trust

MoST Content Management V3.0.6374